If you have just purchased a vehicle with a diesel engine or you are considering buying one, one of the most critical components to become familiar with are glow plugs. Although you need not be a mechanic, some rudimentary knowledge of what they are and how they work will assist you in keeping your vehicle in peak operating condition.
Diesel engines are notorious for their unfortunate “I do not want to start” reputation during the winter months. Many times, a person will turn the key and face the dreaded “minute of silence” only other diesel owners seem to understand. The heat generated within the engine is rarely sufficient to start the engine on its own. Continue reading
Every engine needs a catalyst in order to turn the fuel into energy. While most cars on the road (as well as motorcycles, lawnmowers, and other gas-powered vehicles) use a spark plug, a diesel engine like the Ford Powerstroke does not use a spark plug like a traditional gasoline engine, on account of the fact that diesel tends to be more difficult to ignite and burns much slower than gasoline. Instead, a diesel Powerstroke uses a glow plug, a thumb-sized heating device that will use a compression formula to raise both pressure and temperature of air. When the diesel within the fuel tank comes in contact with this high-pressure, high-temperature air, it ignites.
A glow plug uses the same basic formula as a toaster. Within the plug are bands of electrical wiring that generate heat and light on account of the resistance in each band. With greater resistance to the flow of energy (provided by the battery of the vehicle) comes greater heat and pressure, eventually making it hot enough to turn the diesel fuel into energy. Older engines needed to turn from off to start and then to on, since the glow plug could not heat up quickly enough to start the engine. In today’s Powerstroke engines, however, it’s possible to start it up much faster — especially if the engine has recently been running and still retains the warmth needed to ignite the diesel. This is one reason why it is sometimes more energy efficient to allow a diesel engine to run continually instead of turning it off for a certain period, usually around an hour or so.