Ford Powerstroke technology has been around for more than 20 years. It was first used in Ford F-Series pickup trucks beginning in the middle of 1994. Since then, Powerstroke engines have been used in many different vehicles, including Ford E-Series vans, Ford sport utility vehicles (SUVs), and more. There have been several different versions, including the 3.0L, 3.2L, 6.7L, 6.4L, 6.0L, and 7.3L.
Overview of Powerstroke Engines
Ford first introduced the Powerstroke engine in 1994. It was the 7.3L version, which revolutionized modern day views on diesel engines in pickup trucks. It featured a two-valve design and the ability to last over 300,000 miles, which was a considerable improvement compared to most vehicles at that time. The Hydraulically actuated Electronically controlled Unit Injector, or HEUI for short, allowed oil to be pushed through oil lines into two oil rails. As the name implies, the pressure would automatically be controlled.
In 2003, Ford received a push to improve the Powerstroke engine because of changing emissions standards as well as increasing prices of fuel. To remedy this issue, Ford took the 7.3L down to a 6.0L displacement. The bottom end of the engine was revised to be sturdier despite the more rigid engine block. The top end was also modified and was manufactured with four valves in the cylinders as well as an upgraded HEUI. The turbocharger was upgraded due to the need for sufficient airflow for more power.
Emissions standards and other issues have prompted Ford to continue redesigning Powerstroke engines, so they came out with the 6.4L in 2008 and the 6.7L in 2011. The next version will be the 3.0L Powerstroke, which is set to be released on some truck models in 2018. Overall, the goal of improving these engines is to make them more powerful while staying within emissions regulations, getting decent mileage, and allowing the use of parts and accessories.
Ford Powerstroke Parts
Many people choose to accessorize their vehicles and install various parts. Of course, parts also need to be replaced to keep vehicles running smoothly. Several 6.0L Powerstroke parts are available to improve performance as well as overall appearance.
Fuel injectors are used in all diesel-powered engines. Diesel fuel injectors are used to increase reliability, fuel efficiency, and make drives smoother; however, they also aim to save costs and help the environment while staying within emissions standards. Fuel injectors are available for each Powerstroke version, and picking the proper one is crucial. Kits can be purchased, some of which include other accessories such as glow plugs.
Ford Powerstroke engines also come with high-pressure pumps. These typically come with two valves, an internal transfer pump, cylinders, and pistons. Basically, the purpose of these is to deliver fuel efficiently to the injectors while creating pressures around or at 24,000 psi. High-pressure pumps are available for different Powerstroke versions, including the 6.0L.
Another Ford Powerstroke part is the Exhaust Gas Recirculation system (EGR). These systems work to send some of an engine’s exhaust gas back to the cylinders. These aim to reduce NOx that is released into the environment, which will reduce the amount of harmful gases that contribute to pollution. These are available for the Powerstroke 6.0L, and it is possible to get an EGR in a package that also comes with oil cooler gaskets and mounting bolts.
Additional Parts for the Ford Powerstroke 6.0L
The Ford Powerstroke 6.0L F-series, E-series, and Excursions manufactured around 2003-2004 use a diesel turbocharger that increases the engine’s efficiency and power output.
Other available Ford Powerstroke 6.0L parts include gasket kits, which come with both lower and upper valve covers. Sensors, better known as injector control pressure sensors, work to pressurize fuel in injectors. These automatically read oil pressure. The Ford Powerstroke 6.0L also comes with a fuel injection control module, which creates the energy required for the injectors to work. Without this, the engine will not get the voltage it needs.
Additional parts include fuel pressure regulators and glow plugs. Fuel pressure regulators regulate the pressure of the fuel. When this malfunctions, fuel may leak out of the vacuum hose on the regulator. Signs that Powerstroke 6.0L drivers need to replace their regulators are sputtering, stalling, and not running smoothly.
Diesel glow plugs are another part for Ford Powerstroke 6.0L engines. These are equivalent to spark plugs that are found in gasoline engines. They are helpful in colder months because they absorb compression heat and prevent ignition, meaning a diesel engine can start smoother and preserve fuel.
Several different Ford Powerstroke parts can be replaced and upgraded. From valve cover gaskets to internal systems, the parts in your Ford Powerstroke engine can be modified or replaced to make it run better and save fuel.