The modern diesel injectors that supply your engine with fuel are electronically controlled and more reliable than ever. Diesel trucks from Ford are long-lived workhorses, and many run well over 200,000 miles.
Like every other part of your pPowerstroke-powered truck, the diesel injectors are precision components. The injector gives you better fuel performance and more power, and it makes the engine operate better than older models. As Ford engines evolved, so did the generations of pPowerstroke injectors.
The 6.0L Powerstroke Injector (2003-2007)
Ford’s 6.0L pPowerstroke injectors first appeared during the 2003-2007 Ford truck series. The 6.0L pPowerstroke injector offers several significant benefits for your diesel engine.
The Fuel Injector Control Module (FICM) communicates with the onboard sensors to calculate how long to turn on the injectors. The precise fuel injection results in a steady torque output, giving your truck power to haul and tow large loads. The direct injection results in quick turbo spool times, which are necessary for off-idle performance and response. The injectors give you better fuel economy than you’d have with sporadic fuel injection, so these Ford trucks saw an average of 16-18 mpg.
Maintenance Is Key for Early Powerstroke Injectors’ Peak Performance
The earliest edition of the pPowerstroke injector is considered the easiest one to fix without causing engine failure. The most common issues come down to the usual wear and tear that come with use and poor maintenance of the truck. 6.0L pPowerstroke injectors are sensitive parts and require regular, proper maintenance to ensure their reliability.
Use high-quality diesel oil with an API service rating of CD-4 or CG-4, which contains an anti-foaming agent to prevent air in the oil. The anti-foaming property depletes as the oil breaks down, so change the oil every 5,000 miles and the fuel filters every 10,000 miles.
Remember to replace the head gaskets when they leak to prevent damage to the engine. Oil coolers also need to be replaced every so often to prevent damage to the EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) cooler. Doing the necessary maintenance will prevent the 6.0L pPowerstroke injector from malfunctioning.
The 6.4-L Powerstroke Injector (2008-2010)
As the engine design evolved, the second generation, 6.4L pPowerstroke injector was introduced. The 6.4L injector was more reliable and robust than its predecessor. Engine components were redesigned to place less stress on the pPowerstroke injectors, allowing them to perform even better.
A high-pressure fuel pump driven off the camshaft at the rear of the engine has computer-controlled fuel pressure and volume control valves. Under the valve covers, the fuel travels through fuel rails and then returns to the tank through the same cooler used by the VGT actuator.
Ford trucks in 2008-2010 saw cleaner emissions from the Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF), which filters out soot and burn-off from the injector and abides by the strictest emission regulations. Twin turbochargers give your engine more power for tough hauling and towing jobs.
Middle Generation Precision Parts Require Precision Care
Like all editions, the 6.4L pPowerstroke injector requires strict maintenance and care to keep the precision parts operating correctly. Make sure to do the proper maintenance to prevent severe damage. Keep an eye on the cooling system and fuel systems for wear and tear that can affect the rest of the engine. If leaks occur, address them quickly to prevent damage to the Powerstroke injectors.
Common issues occur with the engine’s injector pump or other engine components and not the pPowerstroke injector itself, so check the diesel particulate filter often since it can become clogged over time. The buildup will cause engine performance to drop and will damage the pPowerstroke injectors.
The 6.7L Powerstroke Injector (2011-2015)
The third generation, the 6.7L pPowerstroke injector was introduced in the 2011-2015 Ford truck series. This pPowerstroke injector keeps all the great aspects of the previous two editions, but Ford engineers further redesigned the engine to prevent wear and tear on the injector. This series of pPowerstroke injectors has more sensors to monitor the injectors in relation to the rest of the engine.
The Newest Injector Delivers More Power with Computer Assistance
Ford built the 6.7L pPowerstroke with more computer automation and sensors to improve performance and provide an early warning system for issues. The high-quality, efficient 6.7L pPowerstroke injector is easy to maintain and replace, like its predecessors, but it delivers even better engine performance and fuel economy.
All the long-lasting, mighty Ford Powerstroke engines need regular maintenance from a certified diesel mechanic with proper diagnostic equipment for the best performance.
Ford’s Powerstroke injectors for diesel engines continue to get better with each new generation. Using electronic automation and early warning systems to alert you to maintenance, Ford’s latest diesel injectors efficiently supply your engine with fuel so you can get the most power, fuel economy and reliable performance you expect. With relatively simple maintenance, you can expect many miles of efficient driving performance from your truck.