In mid 1994, the 7.3L Power Stroke diesel was introduced.
The Power Stroke is an electronically controlled, direct injection engine with a 4.11 in (104 mm) bore and 4.18 in (106 mm) stroke creating a displacement of 444 cu in (7.3 L). It has a 17.5:1 compression ratio, and has a dry weight of approximately 920 lb (420 kg). This engine produced up to 250 hp (190 kW) and 505 lb·ft (685 N·m) of torque in automatic trucks during the last years of production, and 275 hp (205 kW) and 520 lb·ft (705 N·m) of torque in manual trucks.
The 1994.5 to 1996/97 DI Power stroke had “single shot” HEUI (hydraulically actuated electronic unit injection) fuel injectors and ran a 15° high pressure oil pump (HPOP) to create the necessary oil pressure to fire the fuel injectors.
1994.5-1997 trucks used a cam driven fuel pump, whereas the 1999-2003 trucks used a frame rail mounted electric fuel pump. The California trucks in 1996 and 1997 had split shot fuel injectors whereas the rest of the trucks didn’t get split shots until 1999.
In 1999, an air to air intercooler was added to cool the charged air from the turbo making it more dense. The cooler, denser air would increase the horsepower potential of the engine, while also reducing exhaust gas temperatures (EGTs). Eventually, the turbine housing was changed to a .84 A/R housing and a wastegate was added. With larger injectors, the HPOP was advanced to 17° to change fueling characteristics.
The 7.3 L DI Power Stroke was in production until the middle of model year 2003 when it was replaced by the 6.0L. Due to its popularity, nearly 2 million 7.3s were produced from International’s Indianapolis plant.